The Gladio was a secret guerrilla group created and armed by the Turkish government with the help of the United States and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) during the height of the Cold War. It was to be activated behind enemy lines if the Soviet Union ever occupied Turkey. Similar units were apparently created in some other West European states, which also were members of NATO. Some have speculated that elements of the Gladio were used by the Turkish government in the early 1990s in the extrajudicial murders of reputed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) sympathizers.
   See also Deep State.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Gladio — (ital., von lat. gladius „Schwert“), eigentlich Stay behind Organisation, war eine paramilitärische Geheimorganisation der NATO, der CIA und des britischen MI6 während des Kalten Krieges. Die Gladio Mitglieder sollten nach einer sowjetischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GLADIO — (Glaive en italien) désigne le réseau italien des stay behind, cette structure clandestine de l OTAN créée après la Seconde Guerre mondiale pour parer à une menace d invasion soviétique. On désigne couramment par ce nom l ensemble des armées… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gladio — (Glaive en italien) désigne le réseau italien des stay behind (réseaux clandestins coordonnés par l OTAN). Cette structure a été créée après la Seconde Guerre Mondiale pour parer à une menace d invasion soviétique. On désigne couramment par ce… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gládio — s. m. 1. Espada de dois gumes. 2.  [Figurado] Poder, força. 3. Combate, luta.   ‣ Etimologia: latim gladius, ii, espada, gládio …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • gladio — sustantivo masculino 1. Enea, planta …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • gladio — (Del lat. gladĭus, espada, voz de or. celta). m. espadaña (ǁ planta tifácea) …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Gladio —    Ostensibly a secret network of nearly 50 underground armed squads that would have organized resistance to an eventual Soviet invasion of Italy, Gladio (a gladio was the short, double edged and pointed sword used in ancient Rome by the infantry …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • gladio — ► sustantivo masculino BOTÁNICA Espadaña, planta herbácea con las hojas radicales y tallo largo. * * * gladio (del lat. «gladĭus», espada) m. *Espadaña (planta tifácea). * * * gladio. (Del lat. gladĭus, espada, voz de or. celta). m. espadaña (ǁ… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • gladio — {{#}}{{LM G43774}}{{〓}} {{[}}gladio{{]}} ‹gla·dio› {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} Planta herbácea de hojas en forma de espada y un tallo largo con una mazorca cilíndrica en el extremo, que suelta una especie de pelusa blanca cuando está seca.… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • gladio — glà·dio s.m. 1. TS stor. spada corta a doppio taglio, con lama larga, robusta e appuntita, usata dai legionari romani 2. TS zool. conchiglia piatta, cornea e flessibile, propria di alcuni Cefalopodi 3. TS polit. con iniz. maiusc., organizzazione… …   Dizionario italiano

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